Before talking about the different instructional design models (IDM) are, it is necessary to define them first. It is also referred to as Instructional Systems Design (ISD), which is the process of creating instructional experiences that make the acquisition of knowledge and skill more efficient and effective.
While the terms Instructional Technology and Educational Technology are frequently used interchangeably, they are not exactly the same. You can also search the web to get more information about instructional planner and elearning developer.
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With the key definitions now out of the way, let us examine instructional design models. First, a model is a representation of a complex entity or phenomenon, whose purpose is to an objective understanding of what it represents. Models help the designer to visualize the problem at hand, and then to break it down into smaller, more manageable units.
It then follows that an instructional design model is a framework for developing instruction that enhances learning outcomes and also encourages learners to gain a deeper level of understanding.
In other words, IDM tells instructional designers how to organize pedagogical situations in order to achieve instructional goals. It is important to note that effective instructional models are based on learning and instructional theories.
The learning context is also of importance to positive instructional outcomes. This includes instruction at all levels, i.e. K-12 education, adult learning, and higher education. These instructional design models are applicable to teachers, designers, trainers, and college-level instructors.